first official proposals come from Europe Conservation and the Tethis
institute of research with the plan "Pelagos" whose declared
objective aims to the creation of a "Pelagic international
Sanctuary". It follows the ready adhesion to the initiative from
part of the WWF and Greenpeace, from always engaged for the
safeguard of the ambient and the animal world.
1991 - The D.M.
22 May 1991 "Discipline in temporary way of the fishing with net" and successive modifications, previews the institution
of one zone of biological protection ("sanctuary" for the protection
of the cetaceans) in the area of the Ligurian Sea.
It comes forbidden
the use of trawl-net (historical enemy of the cetaceans) with provision of the Ministry for the Merchant marine and
thanks to the engagement of the Ligurian Harbor Master's Offices
it comes guaranteed the observance of such prohibition (with the
seizure of total 150 km of fishing net). In occasion of the Enep/Map
convention between the countries whose coasts are on the
Mediterranean Sea, the protection of the cetaceans becomes
sanctioned like priority.
1992-93 - The contacts for the institution
of a course-ligurian-provenšal sanctuary between Italy, France
and Principato di Monaco grow. A commission of job comes constituted and composed
with representatives of the three States, the local
communities, and with the participation of experts of the scientific,
legal world and enviromentalist. Which produces the text of the "Combined Declaration
for the Institution of a Mediterranean
Sanctuary for Marine Mammalian" and through the work of
enviromentalists and associations,
in 22 March 1993, in Brussels was stipulated the
declaration of attempts between the three States.
1995-96 - Siglate
come, the Convention of Barcelona against the pollution of the
Mediterranean and the Bonn and Monaco conventions, after that started the agreement for
the protection of the cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea, of the Black Sea and of the Atlantic coasts and above all it becomes
institution of areas protect in international waters possible.
The Italian state comes lively contested from the associations
enviromentalists which accuse it of too much slowness in the comparisons of France.
1998 - 25 March in
Parliament in the law on the "new participations in environment", is proceeded to the location of the area to subject to
29 september the Italian Government is officially
engaged to promote the cause of the Sanctuary with the governments
French and monegasco. Region Liguria, Wwf International-Wwf Italy,
Enea S. Teresa, I.C.R.A.M., Tethys, Institute of Zoologia of the
University of Genoa, Aquarius of Genoa, Ligurian fishing and ambient Observatory, Regional Center Environmental Education, Harbor
Master's Office of Genoa, regional Agency for the protection of the Ligurian
ambient, marine technological Pole and C.N.R. sign
a protocol of understanding in order to promote combined and
co-ordinate actions for the development and the valorization of the
sanctuary of the cetaceans; thanks also to these campaigns of
international pressure reopen the negotiation. The regions begin to
play an important role, in particular Liguria and Tuscany, through groups of study and
1999 - The Italian Government and the Liguria Region
strongly exercise one pressure on the French State which declares
himself available to the definitive signature, that will
happen at 25 November of 1999 in Rome thanks to the Ministers of the
Italian ambient Ronchi, French Dominique Voynet and of the Principato di
Monaco Bernard Fautrier. The birth of the "Sanctuary of marine mammalian of the Mediterranean
Sea" does not have sure to be considered an
arrival point, to the contrary a lot still must be made for the
protection and the safeguard of the cetaceans and all the
living animals that inhabit the Mediterranean
- Ratification of the treaty from part of France and the
Principato di Monaco.
From the manifestation "living the sea" on
the topic "the sanctuary of the cetaceans", than has been made in Andora, in province of Savona, from the 27 to the 29 september 2000 is
gushed a hard lecture for the guilty Italian Government not to still
have, with the exception of those of France and Principato di Monaco,
ratified treaty for the birth of the sanctuary; all one has
translate in a turned petition the President of the Italian Republic,
to the Prime Minister of the Ministers, to the environmental Minister
and the Minister of the Foreign countries, and is undersigned, between
the others, from the Mayor of the Common of Andora, of the Tethys institute, University of Genoa, Association Flash, Aquarius of Genoa,
Liguria Region and many others.
2001 - (28 september) Approval
to the Italian House of reprensentative of the law that ratifies the
agreement on the birth of the Sanctuary.
NOW IS A REALITY